The Galaxy Note 9 S Pen has a clever rapid-charging "battery" with one tiny flaw
When I learned this, I initially assumed that Samsung had equipped the S Pen with a teeny tiny battery. It had to have one, since a power supply of some kind is mandatory to allow the S Pen's Bluetooth radio – or any Bluetooth device, for that matter – to work. But I was wrong, and a just-published infographic revealed that Samsung has chosen a different route for powering its stylus. It turns out that instead of a battery, inside the Samsung Galaxy Note 9 S Pen is a component known as a supercapacitor.
What is a supercapacitor? What is it doing inside the S Pen?
Not long ago, I wrote an article explaining supercapacitors along with their pros and cons, so there's no need to go into much detail here. All you need to know is that they store energy, much like batteries, only differently. And in theory, a supercap seems like a much better fit for the S Pen than a traditional battery for a number of reasons. Although... it may have one huge disadvantage as well. Let us go through them.
- Supercapacitors do not degrade as quickly as batteries do. Lithium batteries – the kind used in practically all phones, tablets, and laptops nowadays – gradually lose capacity as they age due to the chemical processes going on inside of them. Every charge-discharge cycle shortens its lifespan. It is not uncommon to observe a noticeable drop in a smartphone's battery life after a couple of years of use. A supercapacitor, on the other hand, can last a decade if it is used properly, which is great as I'm sure an S Pen battery replacement service wouldn't have been cheap or easy to perform.
- A supercapacitor won't mind staying fully charged all day. Another way of killing a lithium battery faster is to leave it empty or to keep it at full charge for a long time. If treated like this, they tend to swell and cause all sorts of trouble. In contrast, having a supercapacitor fully charged for months will have very little (if any) impact on its longevity – perfect when a Note 9 S Pen would be fully charged 99% of the time.
- Supercapacitors charge rapidly. Lithium batteries are tricky to charge. They require specialized circuitry and go through several charging stages before they reach a fully charged state. Supercapacitors can be charged literally tens and hundreds of times faster, which is probably why the Note 9's S Pen charges fully in 40 seconds.