Galaxy S6 to Galaxy S10: Samsung's camera and image quality evolution through the years

Galaxy S6 to Galaxy S10: Samsung's camera and image quality evolution through the years
Let's get one thing clear first - when it comes to phone cameras, Samsung does a good job, but not an impeccable job. It's "always a bridesmaid, never a bride" kind of situation where the South Korean giant is always struggling second or third in the race. It lacks the consistency and software-processing prowess of its biggest competitors, and there's seemingly always something hindering Samsung from shining the brightest in this particularly important area. 

However, don't take Samsung's inability to come up with the killer phone camera with stagnation. Quite the opposite - Samsung has been trying out new things in the camera department in the past couple of years, utilizing features like variable aperture, dual cameras, AI-assisted goodies, and more. 

How does all of this translate in terms of image quality though? As there's only one way to find out, we lined up the gang and went out on a walk to snap a few pictures and see how Samsung has evolved its camera game. In this particular piece, we will see how the Galaxy S6, S7, S8, S8, and S10 cope against one another in nearly a dozen scenes and explore the evolution of the Galaxy camera lineup.

Here's how the hardware specs have evolved:



Here are all the 12 scenes that we shot with the five most recent Galaxy flagships, followed by a breakdown of each scene. The full high-res shots with each phone can be found in the linked folder just beneath the gallery right below.


>>  The original high-res samples can be downloaded here

NB: The Galaxy S6 has a tighter field of view and a slightly longer focal length; we've done our best to match the composition but have refrained from doing any destructive edits.

Galaxy Camera Evolution



Scene #1


9:00 in the morning. The sun was shining brightly on this posh hotel, which I thought would make a neat subject for a daylight shot. Details were aplenty in all shots, but the biggest difference in this shot can be attributed to the saturation of the image. The Galaxy S8 has come up with a rather over-saturated image, which might float your boat but isn't very representing of the real scene. The Galaxy S9 coped the best here, with the Galaxy S10 lacking contrast and making up for a rather unappealing shot. 

Scene #2

Not many differences in the second scene. All phones have come up with rather identical images, though the newer Galaxies are coping a bit better with the noise in the shadowy areas.

Scene #3

A flowering spring orchard tree is always a great sight, yes? I didn't anticipate any major differences in this particular scene, and aside from the slightly purplish image that the Galaxy S8 has produced, all phones have performed similarly. 

Scene #4

Those who are into super-vivid photos would definitely enjoy the Galaxy S8 in this particular scene, which has come up with an over-saturated image that looks a bit unnatural. The Galaxy S9 and S10 have come up with the best shots, both more detailed and slightly better-exposed than the earlier Samsung flagships.

Scene #5

Shooting colorful neon signs with a regular camera is not an arduous task, but many phones struggle to nail the correct exposure and color of these. This seems to be the case with the Galaxy S8 and Galaxy S9, whereas the Galaxy S7 is closer to the goal. In my opinion the Galaxy S10 has done the best job here, but surprisingly to me the Galaxy S6 hasn't done a half-bad job either! It gets the silver medal here.

Scene #6


...And just as I commended the Galaxy S6 for acing a tricky shot, it quickly rebutted me by spectacularly failing in the next one. That sign at the top of the building isn't orange, as is the case with the Galaxy S6 and S7, neither should it appear as lifeless as in the Galaxy S8 photo. The Galaxy S9 is close, but the S10 has nailed it. 

Aside from that notorious sign, the Galaxy S10 has the best dynamic range - there's tons of detail visible in the concrete columns near the windows. The same applies to the Galaxy S9 to a slightly lesser extent, but both the S6, S7, and S8 have all burned the highlights in this particular area, which is pretty telling. 

Scene #7

I dropped by the museum next as I was curious which phone would capture the eerie yellow cast on the building correctly. Aside from the Galaxy S9, which has had some problems nailing the exposure, and the Galaxy S6, which has come up with a somewhat "creamy" image, the rest of the phones have mostly nailed the scene. I'd pick the Galaxy S10 image, but in all honesty, the Galaxy S7 and S8 are trailing the new flagship closely.

Scene #8

It's the little things - at first sight, you'd be forgiven for thinking all the images look identical. Don't get me wrong, they are, after all that's the whole point of this comparison. Yet, closely inspecting the strongly-illuminated balusters of the building clearly show how much highlight details the Galaxy S10 and S9 are retaining in comparison with the S6, S7, and even S8. The magic of HDR is clearly doing its job impeccably in the more contemporary Galaxy phones.

Scene #9

Generally, the same can be said about this particular scene as well - the overexposed sky in the Galaxy S6 sample is slowly transforming into a very well-exposed one once you start climbing up the ladder towards the Galaxy S10. The Galaxy S9 has also done a rather good job here. Scene optimizer has been left at its default state - enabled - on both devices.

Scene #10

Selfie time! This one was taken in a dim café where the lighting wasn't particularly favorable for a good-looking selfie. That said, I absolutely abhor how I look in the Galaxy S9 and Galaxy S10 selfies. I promise I don't look that scary and unhealthy in real life. I like myself the most in the Galaxy S8 shot, and no, I won't change my mind. Have in mind that all beautification filters, modes, and shenanigans have been turned off on all phones.

Scene #11



The following selfies were taken by my colleague George in a well-lit studio against a rather uniform background, which should bring out the best selfie capabilities of the front-facing cameras. The Galaxy S10 and S9 have performed excellently in this scenario. It might be largely subjective, but I prefer the Galaxy S9 selfie here and it would be the one I'd share on social media if I was George. George agrees with me, by the way. 

Scene #12

In this scene, the Galaxy S10 exhibits the best dynamic range and is the only one in which the girl's forehead is exposed evenly. Actually, the whole image is exposed better in the Galaxy S10 sample above, with all the other Galaxies coming up with too contrast-y images. 


Conclusion


There's no denying that the most recent Galaxy phones have very good cameras that generally outperform their earlier predecessors in those trickier situations that we often find ourselves in our day-to-day lives. While all devices would generally fare quite well against one another in well-lit situations, most improvements can be seen in low-light scenes and scenarios with very diverse dynamic range, which require intelligent application of HDR. 

Of course, most of the differences in the examples above could be downplayed and attributed to slightly different shooting conditions between each sample or merely a small slip-up on each phone's part, but overall, the conclusion should be pretty telling: while Galaxy phones have been steadily gaining flashy new camera features and functionalities, the overall image quality of Samsung's phones has also gained noticeable, albeit small improvements.

Hate the image quality or not, there's no denying that all the Galaxies posses a certain consistency across the board. If you're a devoted fan of Samsung's Android flagships, upgrading and switching between phones should generally yield consistent results and images with similar merits. 

Related phones

Galaxy S10
  • Display 6.1 inches
    3040 x 1440 pixels
  • Camera 12 MP (Triple camera)
    10 MP front
  • Hardware Qualcomm Snapdragon 855
    8GB RAM
  • Storage 128GB, microSDXC
  • Battery 3400 mAh
  • OS Android 10
    Samsung One UI
Galaxy S9
  • Display 5.8 inches
    2960 x 1440 pixels
  • Camera 12 MP (Single camera)
    8 MP front
  • Hardware Qualcomm Snapdragon 845
    4GB RAM
  • Storage 64GB, microSDXC
  • Battery 3000 mAh
  • OS Android 10
    Samsung One UI
Galaxy S8
  • Display 5.8 inches
    2960 x 1440 pixels
  • Camera 12 MP (Single camera)
    8 MP front
  • Hardware Qualcomm Snapdragon 835
    4GB RAM
  • Storage 64GB, microSDXC
  • Battery 3000 mAh
  • OS Android 9.0 Pie
    Samsung One UI
Galaxy S7
  • Display 5.1 inches
    2560 x 1440 pixels
  • Camera 12 MP (Single camera)
    5 MP front
  • Hardware Qualcomm Snapdragon 820
    4GB RAM
  • Storage 32GB, microSDXC
  • Battery 3000 mAh
  • OS Android 8.0 Oreo
    Samsung TouchWiz UI
Galaxy S6
  • Display 5.1 inches
    2560 x 1440 pixels
  • Camera 16 MP (Single camera)
    5 MP front
  • Hardware Samsung Exynos 7 Octa
    3GB RAM
  • Storage 128GB, not expandable
  • Battery 2550 mAh
  • OS Android 7.0 Nougat
    Samsung TouchWiz UI

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