How to change color schemes on Android 5.0 Lollipop (invert, grayscale, etc)
First of all, did you know that you can make Lollipop show everything on the screen in grayscale? To enable this, go to Settings -> Developer options (make sure they’re enabled) -> Simulate color space. Once there, you have several choices to play around with, including Monochromacy, Deuteranomaly (red-green), Protanomaly (red-green), and Tritanomaly (blue-yellow). Monochromacy is the only one that can be used for a longer period of time by regular users, as the other ones are uneasy to the eye. It's actually quite cool to have your smartphone or tablet display everything in black & white - it gives it a vintage feel.
Another thing that you can do is to invert colors - which, once again, isn’t something that’s too pleasing to the normal eye. To enable this, go to Settings -> Accessibility -> Color inversion. After you first enable the option, you’ll be able to turn it off and on from the quick settings menu, as a button is automatically added next to those that provide access to Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular connectivity, and so on. The Accessibility menu also contains a Color correction section with options similar to those found in the "Simulate color space" tab.
Interestingly, if you take screenshots while in grayscale, inverted, or any other special mode, they will appear normal - as if you hadn’t changed anything. The black & white screenshots seen below have been edited for illustrative purposes.
While these options are just interesting (and nothing more) for most of us, they might be very helpful for users who are colorblind, or have other color-related issues.