U.S. cellphone unlocking bill awaits Obama's signature after passing through the House
The bill allows consumers who purchased a handset from a carrier, to request that it be unlocked. At the same time, a third party can also request that a phone be unlocked at the direction of the owner. Thanks to the bill, the owner of a cellphone no longer has to wait to see if his carrier will follow-up on a request to unlock a phone. If a handset was purchased under a contract, the terms of the contract must be fulfilled first. In other words, if you signed a two-year contract with Verizon, the terms of that contract must have been completed by the owner of the device first, before the phone can be unlocked.
The bill doesn't permanently allow cellphones to be unlocked. In 2015, the Library of Congress will reconsider the rule again, and will continue to do so for every three years. Laura Moy, staff attorney at advocacy group Public Knowledge, said that the bill will keep millions of cellphones from landfills. The law requires the reinstatement of an exemption to the section of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act that prohibited unlocking a phone. It also directs the Library of Congress to determine whether the same unlocking ability should be given to owners of tablets.
source: NPR, TheVerge via Engadget