AT&T uses carrier aggregation to quietly bring LTE-Advanced to the Windy City
While AT&T says that it is testing the LTE-Advanced hook up in various markets, there is only one device that it offers that supports carrier aggregation. That is a mobile hotspot called Unite. The Samsung Galaxy S5 will support customer aggregation on some carriers and AT&T is most likely one of them. We could see AT&T offer the service in areas where it is turning its old 2G and 3G technology into new LTE pipelines. Cities where that is taking place include Baltimore, Dallas, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco and Washington, D.C.
Not all carriers need to use aggregation, and despite earlier speculation, Sprint Spark does not employ the technology. AT&T needs to use aggregation because it doesn't own the amount of contiguous spectrum that Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint own. Recently, AT&T was found to be the fastest of the four major stateside carriers by RootMetrics.
source: GigaOM via AndroidCentral