$300 million of LightSquared debt was sold in December by Farallon Capital Management LLC and some of that paper landed in Icahn's portfolio. Other buyers include distressed debt investors David Tepper and Andrew Beal. Icahn is the more famous of the trio, having tried to perform boardroom coups with such companies as Marvel, TWA and others. By buying enough debt, Icahn will have a say in the restructuring of LightSquared, especially if bankruptcy is declared. Debt holders are first in line to receive the fruits from asset sales if a filing is made, while common stockholders are last.
The interest by these investors in the company has some analysts saying that there must be some value to LightSquared. Senior telecom analyst at brokerage CRT Capital Group, Lance Vitanza, says, "The fact that smart money from the likes of David Tepper and Carl Icahn is coming in speaks to the potential value of underlying assets. If you were to resolve the GPS interference issues and eliminate the satellite requirement entirely you would have in excess of $10 billion in value."
Icahn is one of the last of a breed of takeover artists that changed the landscape of Wall Street and corporate boardrooms in the 1980's. A rumor that Icahn was interested in a company could move a stock sharply higher. While the Insider Trading scandal later in the decade took down fellow traders like Ivan Boesky, Icahn somehow managed to escape incarceration and ended up with just a slightly tainted reputation. Luckily for Icahn, others had much more easily proved connections with former Junk Bond King Michael Milken who was tied up in an Insider Trading scandal with Boesky.
Falcone himself was a distressed debt investor and has plowed $2.9 billion from his hedge fund, Harbinger Capital Partners LLC,into LightSquared. An additional $1.6 billion in debt was needed to help build the 4G LTE pipeline that the company hopes to use to sell wholesale spectrum to mobile operators. The company says its network could be used by 260 million Americans by 2016. And while the company does have a temporary waiver that for now allows the network to be used for more than just satellite phones, the interference with GPS signals could allow Sprint to back out of a deal that could save LightSquared $13 billion from now through the end of the decade. Sprint has said that it is giving LightSquared until sometime in February to get regulatory approval. The original contract had a clause that struck it void if the network wasn't green lit by the end of last year. LightSquared has said before that it has a solution to the GPS interference problem, but a advisory board recently said that the problem still exists.